7 Basic Elements And Principles Of Interior Design


To achieve these themes in one design, you have to think about repetition, progression, transition and contrast. Using these mechanisms gives a sense of movement to your space and guides the eye from one design element to another. If you don’t have a natural focal point in your space, such as a fireplace, you can create one by marking a piece of furniture, a particular work of art or just painting a contrasting color in an area. However, try to maintain your balance so that the focal point does not attract all the attention. A formal curriculum, especially an accredited or developed with a professional interior design organization, can provide training that meets a minimum of excellence and therefore offers a student a high-level education. Programs available for those seeking additional training in a specific design specialization (ie. gerontological or medical care design) or those who want to teach interior design at university level.

There are no precise limits to the interior design profession or, in fact, to any of the design professions. Furniture design is carried out, for example, by industrial designers and furniture designers, but also by architects and interior designers. Those needs can be functional or aesthetic, and often a special chair or desk designed for a specific task will be so successful that the manufacturer will place such parts on its normal line.

Our brains are connected to appreciate and respond to patterns and to assign emotions to art and decorative elements. Even when we are babies, we quickly form associations with certain types of colors, shapes, images and artistic expressions. People are attracted to creative beauty, even though it takes different forms in different cultures and in different time periods. For example, the Islamic religion forbids the representation of humans and animals in art. However, Islamic art still flourishes in the form of complicated carpets, openwork and pottery. Japanese art appreciates a minimalist approach, while Eastern European art can be decorated closely and intensively.

This does not mean that all interior design elements are the same, but that they must work together and complement each other to enhance the entire composition. One way to create this theme or story is with the well-known use of color. Color schemes are generally a great way to unify a collection of spaces. For example, you can choose three or four colors and use them in different shades throughout the house. The interior designer suggests that there is more emphasis on planning, functional design and effective use of space compared to interior decoration.

This essentially means that objects with a heavier visual weight can also be balanced on either side of the pivot point with lighter objects. In addition, objects of equal weight, but of opposite mass, can also exist on equal sides of the pivot point, like an object of uneven weight. Even the most minimalist design styles use contrasting elements to avoid a flat and dull look. For example, with rattan items a minimalist living room with standard gray rack units can be furnished.

Room designs, furniture placement, storage solutions and color schemes contribute significantly to a space that feels open and airy. An investigation revealed that organizing the room is an important part of a quiet and relaxing home. Spaces that were easy to navigate and promoted social interaction reduced anxiety and feelings of overwhelm. In all room sizes, the use of furniture setups and furniture functions has contributed to creating mentally healthy spaces. The business world also pays attention to the psychological effects of interior design.

By coordinating the two types of spaces, the negative space can draw the focus to an important focal point or piece of furniture in the positive space. To do this, interior designers use certain artistic methodologies that “cheat” our minds or, at the very least, reshape how we perceive interior spaces. In the US, USA, popular interior design and lifestyle shows are Martha Stewart Living and Living Large with Karen Mills. Famous interior designers whose work appears on these shows include Bunny Williams, Barbara Barry and Kathy Ireland.

Make it a focal point of your interior decoration and place it in an area that your guests will easily notice. For example, you can upgrade your living room with a zigzag-shaped shelf or a strangely shaped coffee table. These decorative pieces will certainly leave your guests inspired and impressed.

When a person thinks of interior design, words like creativity and talent come to mind, but many people will be surprised to learn that a high level of science is involved. Expert designers follow a set of “rules” based on interior design principles and elements. The elements and principles of interior design include space, line, shape, light, color, texture, pattern and balancing it is key to creating a beautiful interior. She played a decisive role in the development of women’s peel and stick wall tile art courses in several major American cities and was considered a national authority in the field of home design. A major influence on the new profession was The Decoration of Houses, an interior design manual written by Edith Wharton with architect Ogden Codman in the United States in 1897. In the book, the authors denounced Victorian interior decoration and interior design, especially those decorated with heavy window curtains, Victorian bric-a-brac and congested furniture.

When discussing the share of interior design in terms of space, this refers to the general placement of objects within each type of interior space. A good example of this is placing a large breaking front against a single wall along with two medium-sized chairs. This means that if the seats had been smaller, the total ratio would still be far away. On the other hand, if the chairs are too big, there are furniture that seems too scaled. Another way to help reach the space proportionally is to group small photos for a larger canvas.