20 American Facts

Most people assume that English is the official language of the United States, but the truth is, although this may be the case in many states, the federal government has never declared it an official language. This is one of the 16 date questions that everyone always gets wrong. The settlers fought for their independence from Great Britain at the end of the 18th century and formed a confederation of states on the basis of a new constitution.

This was partly due to the number of immigrants who came to the country in search of opportunities. Between 1900 and 1915, 15 million immigrants from countries such as Italy, Russia and Poland came to the United States. The new citizens worked in places such as gold mines and clothing factories, helped in the construction of railways and canals. These immigrants brought new ideas and culture to the young country. In the same year, the adoption of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution officially abolished slavery and ended almost 250 years of slavery in the country. Former enslaved people – as well as their descendants – have been discriminated against, and African-American heroes are still fighting for equality today.

In America, various species of animals live, such as black bears, gray wolves, bald eagles, cougars and beavers. While animals such as bison once existed throughout the country, today they lead a protected life in order to be preserved. In accordance with the above fact, the geography and landscape of America is not only of one kind. This means that in America there are dry and arid deserts and tropical beaches!

Foods native to the continent, and therefore the traditional American diet, can be healthy – including whole grains, pumpkin, legumes, vegetables, fruits, poultry and red meat. However, since the middle of the 20th century in the United States, the eating habits of ordinary people have changed significantly. After the First World War fastfoodbecame very popular in the USA, because the increased use of vehicles made the restaurant very convenient. Currently, McDonald’s is the largest fast food chain in the world. Before European colonization, the continent had already been inhabited by indigenous people for more than 15,000 years.

When Abraham Lincoln became president in 1861, the nation had been arguing for more than a hundred years about the enslavement of people and the right of every nation to allow it. Many people in the northern states agreed with him; however, some people in the southern states relied on enslaved people to grow their crops and did not want slavery to end. Eventually, 11 southern states formed the Confederate States of America to oppose the 23 northern states that remained in the anglish Union. During this period, battles between settlers and Native Americans often broke out, especially since more and more people claimed the land where the Native Americans lived. The U.S. government signed nearly 400 peace treaties between the mid-18th and mid-19th centuries to show that they wanted peace with the native tribes. But the government did not comply with most of these treaties and even sent military units to forcibly remove the Native Americans from their lands.